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Table 3 Burn-specific assessment and intervention. Data are expressed as numbers and frequencies for categorical variables and medians and interquartile ranges (25th to 75th percentile). [] = missing values

From: Prehospital management of burns requiring specialized burn centre evaluation: a single physician-based emergency medical service experience

  Study group
n = 86 (100%)
TBSA < 20%
n = 55 (64%)
TBSA ≥20%
n = 31 (36%)
p-value
Prehospital (initial) TBSA estimation (in %) [5] 10 (6–25) 9 (5–10) 40 (25–50) < 0.001*
Hospital (final) TBSA measurement (in %) [1] 10 (6–27) 8.5 (4–10) 43 (25–55) < 0.001*
Absolute variation of TBSA [5] 0 (0–3) 0 (0–2) 0 (0–4) 0.2093
Crystalloid infusion (ml/kg/TBSA) [33] 0.8 (0.3–1.4) 1.3 (0.8–1.8) 0.3 (0.1–0.4) < 0.001*
Crystalloid infusion reported to 8 h (ml/kg/TBSA) [34] 10.5 (3.4–17.4) 15.5 (12–25) 2.7 (1.4–4) < 0.001*
Initial pain score (VNRS) [27] 6 (3–8) 5.5 (3–7) 8 (4–10) 0.039*
Pain score at ED arrival (VNRS) [51] 3 (2–5) 3 (2–5) 4 (3–7) 0.154
Analgesia provision, n (%) [0] 61 (71) 37 (67) 24 (77) 0.32
Intranasal medication, n (%) [0] 9 (10) 8 (15) 1 (3.2) 0.1
Fentanyl administration, n (%) [0] 59 (69) 37 (67) 22 (71) 0.723
Fentanyl dose (mcg/kg) [0] 1.7 (1–2.6) 1.4 (1–1.9) 2.7 (1.7–4.7) 0.002*
Ketamine administration, n (%) [0] 7 (8.1) 1 (1.8) 6 (19) 0.004*
Ketamine dose (mg/kg) [0] 2.1 (0.3–3.2) 2.1 2.4 (0.3–3.2) 1