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Table 3 Baseline and clinical characteristics of patients admitted for major head trauma during the study period

From: Diagnosis of carotid arterial injury in major trauma using a modification of Memphis criteria

Number 162
Age, years 47 (14-86)
Injuries, % (N)  
   Brain injury with other thoracic lesions 33.4% (54)
   Brain injury and major facial fractures 31.5% (51)
   Isolated brain injury 19.6% (32)
   Brain injury and cervical spine fractures 8.1% (13)
   Brain injury with other lesions (non thoracic) 6.8% (11)
   Brain injury and major facial fractures and cervical spine fractures 0.6% (1)
Pre-hospital GCS (median) 9 (3-15)
ISS (median) 26.9 (15-57)
RTS (median) 5.9 (1.8-7.8)
TRISS (median) 0.7 (0.1-0.9)
ICP transducer, % (N) 36.4% (59)
Percutaneous tracheotomy, % (N) 48.1% (78)
ICU LOS, days 8 (1-28)
Hospital LOS, days 17 (7-45)
Intra-ICU mortality, % (N) 19.1% (31)
  1. Continuous variables are expressed as medians with 25th to 75th interquartile range (IQR).
  2. GCS: Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS: Injury Severity Score; RTS: Revised Trauma Score; TRISS: Trauma and Injury Severity Score; ICP: intracranial pressure; LOS: length of stay.