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  1. Although liver injury scale does not predict need for surgical intervention, a high-grade complex liver injury should alert the physician to expect an increased risk of hepatic complications following trauma. ...

    Authors: Miklosh Bala, Samir Abu Gazalla, Mohammad Faroja, Allan I Bloom, Gideon Zamir, Avraham I Rivkind and Gidon Almogy

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:20

    Content type: Original research

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  2. Critical hospital resources, especially the demand for ICU beds, are usually limited following mass casualty incidents such as suicide bombing attacks (SBA). Our primary objective was to identify easily diagno...

    Authors: Miklosh Bala, Dafna Willner, Asaf Keidar, Avraham I Rivkind, Tali Bdolah-Abram and Gidon Almogy

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:19

    Content type: Original research

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  3. Over the past decade technological advances in the realm of ultrasound have allowed what was once a cumbersome and large machine to become essentially hand-held. This coupled with a greater understanding of lu...

    Authors: Lawrence M Gillman and Andrew W Kirkpatrick

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:18

    Content type: Review

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  4. The rewarming benefit of anterior torso heat pad application in mildly hypothermic conscious adult trauma patients remains inconclusive in this randomized comparative clinical trial. There was no between-group...

    Authors: Joseph Yuk Sang Ting

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:17

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  5. Good quality basic life support (BLS) improves outcome following cardiac arrest. As BLS performance deteriorates over time we performed a parallel group, superiority study to investigate the effect of feedback...

    Authors: Tobias Stenbjerg Lyngeraa, Peter Buhl Hjortrup, Nille Birk Wulff, Theis Aagaard and Anne Lippert

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:16

    Content type: Original research

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  6. Severe trauma-related bleeding is associated with high mortality. Standard coagulation tests provide limited information on the underlying coagulation disorder. Whole-blood viscoelastic tests such as rotationa...

    Authors: Herbert Schöchl, Marc Maegele, Cristina Solomon, Klaus Görlinger and Wolfgang Voelckel

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:15

    Content type: Review

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  7. Hospitals are cornerstones for health care in a community and must continue to function in the face of a disaster. The Hospital Incident Command System (HICS) is a method by which the hospital operates when an...

    Authors: Ahmadreza Djalali, Maaret Castren, Vahid Hosseinijenab, Mahmoud Khatib, Gunnar Ohlen and Lisa Kurland

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:14

    Content type: Original research

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  8. Blunt implementation of Western trauma system models is not feasible in low-resource communities with long prehospital transit times. The aims of the study were to evaluate to which extent a low-cost prehospit...

    Authors: Mudhafar K Murad, Stig Larsen and Hans Husum

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:13

    Content type: Original research

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  9. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major medical and socio-economic problem, and is the leading cause of death in children and young adults. The critical care management of severe TBI is largely derived from th...

    Authors: Samir H Haddad and Yaseen M Arabi

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:12

    Content type: Review

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  10. The aim of this letter is to facilitate the standardisation of Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) codesets used to code injuries in trauma registries. We have compiled a definitive list of the changes which have b...

    Authors: Kjetil G Ringdal, Morten Hestnes and Cameron S Palmer

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:11

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  11. Emergent placement of a chest tube is a potentially life-saving procedure, but rate of misplacement and organ injury is up to 30%. In principle, chest tube insertion can be performed by using Trocar or Non-tro...

    Authors: Clemens M Ortner, Kurt Ruetzler, Nikolaus Schaumann, Veit Lorenz, Peter Schellongowski, Ernst Schuster, Ramez M Salem and Michael Frass

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:10

    Content type: Original research

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  12. For real-time assessment of the probability of survival (Ps) of blunt trauma victims at emergency centers, this study aimed to establish regression models for estimating Ps using simplified coefficients.

    Authors: Akio Kimura, Shinji Nakahara and Witaya Chadbunchachai

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:9

    Content type: Original research

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  13. Pre-hospital electrocardiogram (ECG) transmission to an expert for interpretation and triage reduces time to acute percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST elevation Myocardial Infarction (...

    Authors: Jakob L Forberg, Ardavan Khoshnood, Michael Green, Mattias Ohlsson, Jonas Björk, Stefan Jovinge, Lars Edenbrandt and Ulf Ekelund

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:8

    Content type: Original research

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  14. Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) have been profiled as 'party drugs' used mainly at dance parties and in nightclubs on weekend nights. The purpose of this study was to examine the freq...

    Authors: James J Boyd, Markku J Kuisma and Tarja T Randell

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:7

    Content type: Original research

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  15. Neuron specific enolase (NSE) has repeatedly been evaluated for neurological prognostication in patients after cardiac arrest. However, it is unclear whether current guidelines for NSE cutoff levels also apply...

    Authors: Christian Storm, Jens Nee, Achim Jörres, Christoph Leithner, Dietrich Hasper and Christoph J Ploner

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:6

    Content type: Original research

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  16. Formalized trauma systems have shown beneficial effects on patient survival and have harvested great recognition among health care professionals. In spite of this, the implementation of trauma systems is chall...

    Authors: Thomas Kristiansen, Kjetil G Ringdal, Tarjei Skotheimsvik, Halvor K Salthammer, Christine Gaarder, Pål A Næss and Hans M Lossius

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:5

    Content type: Original research

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  17. On July 22, 2011, a single perpetrator killed 77 people in a car bomb attack and a shooting spree incident in Norway. This article describes the emergency medical service (EMS) response elicited by the two inc...

    Authors: Stephen JM Sollid, Rune Rimstad, Marius Rehn, Anders R Nakstad, Ann-Elin Tomlinson, Terje Strand, Hans Julius Heimdal, Jan Erik Nilsen and Mårten Sandberg

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:3

    Content type: Original research

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  18. Early intramedullary nailing (IMN) of long bone fractures in severely injured patients has been evaluated as beneficial, but has also been associated with increased inflammation, multi organ failure (MOF) and ...

    Authors: Elisabeth E Husebye, Torstein Lyberg, Helge Opdahl, Trude Aspelin, Ragnhild Ø Støen, Jan Erik Madsen and Olav Røise

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:2

    Content type: Original research

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  19. Most patients with acute poisoning are treated as outpatients worldwide. In Oslo, these patients are treated in a physician-led outpatient clinic with limited diagnostic and treatment resources, which reduces ...

    Authors: Cathrine Lund, Odd M Vallersnes, Dag Jacobsen, Oivind Ekeberg and Knut E Hovda

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:1

    Content type: Original research

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  20. Using blood lactate monitoring for risk assessment in the critically ill patient remains controversial. Some of the discrepancy is due to uncertainty regarding the appropriate reference interval, and whether t...

    Authors: Ole Kruse, Niels Grunnet and Charlotte Barfod

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:74

    Content type: Review

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  21. Single-pass, whole-body computed tomography (pan-scan) remains a controversial intervention in the early assessment of patients with major trauma. We hypothesized that a liberal pan-scan policy is mainly an in...

    Authors: Martin Hutter, Alexander Woltmann, Christian Hierholzer, Christian Gärtner, Volker Bühren and Dirk Stengel

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:73

    Content type: Original research

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  22. In Scandinavia, emergency department triage and patient flow processes, are under development. In Sweden, the triage development has resulted in two new triage scales, the Adaptive Process Triage and the Medic...

    Authors: Nasim Farrokhnia and Katarina E Göransson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:72

    Content type: Original research

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  23. Physician-staffed pre-hospital units are employed in many Western emergency medical services (EMS) systems. Although these services usually integrate well within their EMS, little is known about the quality of...

    Authors: Andreas J Krüger, David Lockey, Jouni Kurola, Stefano Di Bartolomeo, Maaret Castrén, Søren Mikkelsen and Hans Morten Lossius

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:71

    Content type: Original research

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  24. Teamwork has been suggested as a promising approach to improving care processes in emergency departments (ED). However, for teamwork to yield expected results, implementation must involve behavior changes. The...

    Authors: Pamela Mazzocato, Helena Hvitfeldt Forsberg and Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:70

    Content type: Original research

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  25. Fluid resuscitation following burn injury must support organ perfusion with the least amount of fluid necessary and the least physiological cost. Under resuscitation may lead to organ failure and death. With a...

    Authors: Frederick W Endorf and David J Dries

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:69

    Content type: Review

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  26. We evaluated the validity of the Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS) in elderly emergency department (ED) patients. In particular, we examined the sensitivity and specificity of the CTAS for identifying el...

    Authors: Ju Young Lee, Sang Hoon Oh, Eun Hee Peck, Jung Min Lee, Kyu Nam Park, Soo Hyun Kim and Chun Song Youn

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:68

    Content type: Original research

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  27. Severely injured trauma patients are exposed to clinically significant radiation doses from computed tomography (CT) imaging in the emergency department. Moreover, this radiation exposure is associated with an...

    Authors: Soo Hyun Kim, Seung Eun Jung, Sang Hoon Oh, Kyu Nam Park and Chun Song Youn

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:67

    Content type: Original research

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  28. Esophageal perforation is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition. Early clinical suspicion and imaging is important for case management to achieve a good outcome. However, recent studies continue to...

    Authors: Jon Arne Søreide and Asgaut Viste

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:66

    Content type: Review

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  29. Intraosseous (IO) access represents a reliable alternative to intravenous vascular access and is explicitly recommended in the current guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council when intravenous access i...

    Authors: Richard Schalk, Uwe Schweigkofler, Gösta Lotz, Kai Zacharowski, Leo Latasch and Christian Byhahn

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:65

    Content type: Original research

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  30. Severe injury induces an acute coagulopathy associated with increased mortality. This study compared the Thrombelastography (TEG) and biomarker profiles upon admission in trauma patients.

    Authors: Sisse R Ostrowski, Anne Marie Sørensen, Claus F Larsen and Pär I Johansson

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:64

    Content type: Original research

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  31. We report the case of a 28-year old rock climber who survived an "unsurvivable" injury consisting of a vertical free fall from 300 feet onto a solid rock surface. The trauma mechanism and injury kinetics are a...

    Authors: Sebastian Weckbach, Michael A Flierl, Michael Blei, Clay Cothren Burlew, Ernest E Moore and Philip F Stahel

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:63

    Content type: Case report

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