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Table 4 Severity of injury and treatment duration

From: Damage to the eye and optic nerve in seriously traumatized patients with concomitant head injury: analysis of 84,627 cases from the TraumaRegister DGU® between 2002 and 2015

 control groupVSI group
mean / median ISS23.5 / 22.0 (SD 11.0)25.1 / 22.0 (SD 10.9)
preclinical GCS ≤ 8 (%)31.2 (CI 30.8–31.6)30.3 (CI 27.7–33.3)
preclinical shock (RR sys ≤ 90 mmHg) (%)10.4 (CI 10.2–10.7)14.1 (CI 12.2–16.2)
mean / median intubation time (days)5.8 / 1.0 (SD 9.9)7.0 / 2.0 (SD 11.0)
mean / median ICU treatment duration (days)10.0 / 5.0 (SD 12.4)11.7 / 6.0 (SD 13.8)
mean / median hospital stay (days)20.5 / 15.0 (SD 19.7)23.3 / 18.0 (SD 19.9)
mean / median calculated treatment costs (Euro)21,083.1 / 13,266.0 (SD 21,611.2)24,511.5 / 16,540.5 (SD 23,825.6)
  1. Severity of injury, duration of primary treatment and estimated medical expenses of head trauma cases ± accompanying injury of the prechiasmatic visual system (VSI). CI 95% confidence interval, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, ICU intensive care unit, ISS Injury Severity Score, SD standard deviation