Skip to main content

Table 3 Location and type of injury per type of fireworks

From: Injuries, treatment, and impairment caused by different types of fireworks; results of a 10 year multicenter retrospective cohort study

  All
(N = 395)
Explosive
(N = 95)
Decorative
(N = 125)
Carbide
(N = 5)
Homemade
(N = 31)
Unknown
(N = 139)
Rockets
(N = 58)
Aerials
(N = 17)
Others
(N = 50)
  Na   Na   Na   Na   Na   Na   Na   Na  
Injury location
 Head/neck 395 101 (26%) 95 7 (7%) 58 24 (41%) 17 7 (41%) 50 13 (26%) 5 2 (40%) 31 10 (32%) 139 38 (27%)
 Eye 395 49 (12%) 95 8 (8%) 58 12 (21%) 17 3 (18%) 50 3 (6%) 5 2 (40%) 31 3 (10%) 139 18 (13%)
 Ear 395 13 (3%) 95 8 (9%) 58 0 (0%) 17 0 (0%) 50 3 (6%) 5 1 (20%) 31 0 (0%) 139 1 (1%)
 Upper extremity 395 177 (45%) 95 65 (68%) 58 13 (22%) 17 5 (29%) 50 24 (48%) 2 0 (0%) 31 14 (45%) 139 56 (40%)
 Lower extremity 395 31 (8%) 95 5 (5%) 58 3 (5%) 17 0 (0%) 50 3 (6%) 5 0 (0%) 31 3 (10%) 139 17 (12%)
 Trunk 395 24 (6%) 95 2 (2%) 58 6 (10%) 17 2 (12%) 50 4 (8%) 5 0 (0%) 31 1 (3%) 139 9 (7%)
Type of injury
 Burn 395 208 (53%) 95 20 (21%) 58 28 (48%) 17 12 (71%) 50 42 (84%) 5 2 (40%) 31 18 (58%) 139 86 (62%)
  Superficial 208 13 (6%) 20 2 (10%) 28 2 (7%) 12 1 (8%) 42 6 (14%) 2 0 (0%) 18 0 (0%) 86 2 92%)
  Partial thickness 208 162 (78%) 20 14 (70%) 28 21 (75%) 12 10 (83%) 42 29 (69%) 2 2 (100%) 18 15 (83%) 86 71 (83%)
  Full thickness 208 24 (12%) 20 1 (5%) 28 3 (11%) 12 0 (0%) 42 6 (14%) 2 0 (0%) 18 3 (17%) 86 11 (13%)
  Mixed 208 9 (4%) 20 3 (15%) 28 2 (7%) 12 1 (8%) 42 1 (2%) 2 0 (0%) 18 0 (0%) 86 2 (2%)
 Eye injury 395 49 (12%) 95 8 (8%) 58 12 (21%) 17 3 (18%) 50 3 (6%) 5 2 (40%) 31 3 (10%) 139 18 (13%)
  Ocular surface 46 36 (78%) 8 6 (75%) 12 7 (58%) 2 2 (100%) 3 3 (100%) 2 2 (100%) 3 2 (67%) 16 14 (88%)
  Anterior chamber 46 2 (4%) 8 0 (0%) 12 0 (0%) 2 0 (0%) 3 0 (0%) 2 0 (0%) 3 0 (0%) 16 2 (13%)
  Posterior segment 46 1 (2%) 8 0 (0%) 12 0 (0%) 2 0 (0%) 3 0 (0%) 2 0 (0%) 3 0 (0%) 16 1 (16%)
  Adnexal 46 12 (26%) 8 0 (0%) 12 5 (42%) 2 0 (0%) 3 1 (33%) 2 2 (100%) 3 2 (67%) 16 2 (13%)
  Fully destructed 46 6 (13%) 8 2 (25%) 12 2 (17%) 2 0 (0%) 3 0 (0%) 2 0 (0%) 3 1 (33%) 16 1 (6%)
 Soft tissue laceration 395 67 (17%) 95 24 (25%) 58 13 (22%) 17 2 (12%) 50 1 (2%) 5 0 (0%) 31 3 (10%) 139 24 (17%)
  Superficial 67 48 (73%) 24 21 (88%) 13 9 (69%) 2 1 (50%) 1 1 (100%) 0 0 (0%) 3 1 (33%) 139 15 (63%)
  Deep 67 19 (28%) 24 3 (13%) 13 4 (31%) 2 1 (50%) 1 0 (0%) 0 0 (0%) 3 2 (67%) 139 9 (38%)
 Fracture 395 31 (8%) 95 16 (17%) 58 4 (7%) 17 0 (0%) 50 1 (2%) 5 0 (0%) 31 4 (13%) 139 6 (4%)
  Scull 31 1 (3%) 16 1 (6%) 4 0 (0%) 0 0 (0%) 1 0 (0%) 0 0 (0%) 4 0 (0%) 6 0 (0%)
  Face 31 6 (19%) 16 1 (6%) 4 3 (75%) 0 0 (0%) 1 0 (0%) 0 0 (0%) 4 1 (25%) 6 1 (17%)
  Wrist 31 1 (3%) 16 0 (0%) 4 0 (0%) 0 0 (0%) 1 0 (0%) 0 0 (0%) 4 1 (4%) 6 0 (0%)
  Hand 31 7 (23%) 16 5 (31%) 4 0 (0%) 0 0 (0%) 1 1 (100%) 0 0 (0%) 4 1 (25%) 6 0 (0%)
  Finger 31 19 (61%) 16 12 (75%) 4 0 (0%) 0 1 (25%) 1 0 (0%) 0 0 (0%) 4 2 (50%) 6 4 (67%)
  Leg 31 1 (3%) 16 0 (0%) 4 0 (0%) 0 0 (0%) 1 0 (0%) 0 0 (0%) 4 0 (0%) 6 1 (3%)
 Amputation 395 19 (5%) 95 14 (15%) 58 0 (0%) 17 0 (0%) 50 1 (3%) 5 0 (0%) 31 2 (7%) 139 2 (1%)
 Vascular injurya 395 1 (0%) 95 1 (1%) 58 0 (0%) 17 0 (0%) 50 0 (0%) 5 0 (0%) 31 0 (0%) 139 0 (0%)
 Neural injuryb 395 1 (0%) 95 1 (1%) 58 0 (0%) 17 0 (0%) 50 0 (0%) 5 0 (0%) 31 0 (0%) 139 0 (0%)
 Tendon injuryc 395 1 (0%) 95 1 (1%) 58 0 (0%) 17 0 (0%) 50 0 (0%) 5 0 (0%) 31 0 (0%) 139 0 (0%)
 Eardrum perforation 395 11 (3%) 95 8 (8%) 58 0 (0%) 17 0 (0%) 50 2 (4%) 5 1 (20%) 31 0 (0%) 139 0 (0%)
 Contusion 395 5 (1%) 95 1 (1%) 58 1 (2%) 17 0 (0%) 50 0 (0%) 5 0 (0%) 31 0 (0%) 139 3 (2%)
 Otherc 395 2 (1%) 95 1 (1%) 58 0 (0%) 17 0 (0%) 50 0 (0%) 5 0 (0%) 31 1 (3%) 139 0 (0%)
  1. Data are shown as N (%)
  2. aThis represents the number of injuries for which data were available
  3. aUlnar artery and common palmar digital artery
  4. bCommon digital palmar nerve
  5. cFlexor digitorum superficialis & profundus
  6. dColon perforation and severe brain damage.Table 3 Treatment per type of fireworks