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Table 1 Vital parameters and ventilation settings at first patient contact and at handover

From: Mechanical ventilation of patients in helicopter emergency medical service transport: an international survey

  Values at first contact Values at handover p-value
HR [1/min]
 median (range) 97 (0–220) 96 (0–174) 0.51
 mean ± SD 99 ± 53.7 95 ± 32.7
N = 30 N = 30
SBP [mmHg]
 median (range) 159 (130–189) 120 (90–175) 0.14
 mean ± SD 159 ± 41.7 124 ± 22.5
N = 2 N = 25
RR [1/min]
median (range) 14 (0–22) 14 (0–20) 0.5
mean ± SD 13.3 ± 5 14.5 ± 1.9
N = 28 N = 29
SpO2 [%]
median (range) 95 (0–100) 99 (0–100) < 0.001*
mean ± SD 80.3 ± 25 94.7 ± 18.7
N = 26 N = 28
EtCO2 [mmHg]
median (range) 36 (0–60) 36 (19–67) 0.68
mean ± SD 34.5 ± 13.5 37.6 ± 9.5
N = 23 N = 29
PEEP [cmH2O]
median (range) 5 (0–8) 5 (0–10) 0.04*
mean ± SD 4.4 ± 2.6 5.9 ± 1.8
N = 27 N = 29
PiP [cmH2O]
median (range) 22 (0–40) 22 (16–45) 0.68
mean ± SD 23 ± 8 22.5 ± 5.7
N = 24 N = 27
TV [ml]
median (range) 500 (350–600) 500 (360–700) 0.55
mean ± SD 495 ± 65.6 495 ± 74.6
N = 21 N = 27
TV/BW [ml/kg]
median (range) 6 (4–7) 6 (4–7) 0.5
mean ± SD 5.7 ± 1.6 6 ± 0.98
N = 21 N = 27
  1. *results statistically significant
  2. HR Heart rate, SBP Systolic blood pressure, RR Respiratory rate, SpO2 Oxygen saturation, EtCO2 Expiratory CO2, PEEP Positive end-expiratory pressure, PiP Positive inspiratory pressure, TV Tidal volume, BW –