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Table 4 Outcome of multiple injured patients with severe thoracic trauma and concomitant serious thoracic spine trauma (AISTS = 3)

From: Possible advantages of early stabilization of spinal fractures in multiply injured patients with leading thoracic trauma - analysis based on the TraumaRegister DGU®

 No Surgery (NSI) n = 180Early Surgery (ESI) n = 295Late Surgery (LSI) n = 189P-value (ESI versus LSI)
Mean ISS22.020.321.80.12
Days on ventilator5.1 [1]5.6 [1]8.4 [1]0.21
Days on ICU9.0 [5]10.4 [6]14.5 [9]0.004
Days in hospital20.6 [17]23.9 [20]31.0 [26]< 0.001
MOF26.3 (40)20.4 (56)39.0 (67)< 0.001
Lung failure (ARDS)24.3 (37)21.2 (58)30.2 (52)0.031
Sepsis9.7 (14)6.8 (18)12.4 (21)0.045
Blood transfusion11.7 (21)9.8 (29)13.2 (25)0.25
GOS 38.2 (14)5.1 (15)12.2 (23)0.003
GOS 422.4 (38)22.3 (65)31.2 (59)
GOS 555.3 (94)68.5 (200)54.5 (103)
  1. For VT, ICUT and HT the mean [median] is listed. For MOF; lung failure; sepsis, blood transfusion and GOS percentages (patient numbers) are given. The p-values are derived comparing the ESI and LSI group. The NSI group is listed to display the complete dataset