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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and clinical outcome in the study cohort stratified by gender

From: Impact of gender on post- traumatic intensive care and outcomes

 FemaleMalep-value
Count (%)4488 (32.0)9501 (67.9) 
Age, median (IQR)40 (24–60)39 (24–55)<  0.001
CCI categories, count (%)<  0.001
 03500 (78.0)7676 (80.8) 
 1515 (11.5)951 (10.0) 
  > 1473 (10.5)874 (9.2) 
Anticoagulation therapy, count (%)101 (2.3)210 (2.2)0.880
Psychiatric comorbidity, count (%)884 (19.7)1546 (16.3)<  0.001
Substance abuse, count (%)440 (9.8)1690 (17.8)<  0.001
Penetrating injury, count (%)102 (2.3)936 (9.9)<  0.001
Injury mechanism, count (%)<  0.001
 Traffic: motor vehicle1252 (27.9)2180 (22.9) 
 Traffic: motorcycle173 (3.9)1122 (11.8) 
 Traffic: bicycle364 (8.1)606 (6.4) 
 Traffic: pedestrian323 (7.2)297 (3.1) 
 Traffic: other29 (0.6)104 (1.1) 
 Shot11 (0.2)148 (1.6) 
 Stabbed95 (2.1)771 (8.1) 
 Hit by blunt object217 (4.8)1043 (11.0) 
 Low-energy fall712 (15.9)985 (10.4) 
 High-energy fall1262 (28.1)2092 (22.0) 
 Other15 (0.3)83 (0.9) 
 Unknown35 (0.8)70 (0.7) 
Nocturnal admission, count (%)1389 (30.9)3962 (41.7)<  0.001
ISS, median (IQR)5 (1–10)5 (2–14)<  0.001
ISS, categories<  0.001
 0–153771 (84.0)7475 (78.7) 
 16–24367 (8.2)1064 (11.2) 
 25–40279 (6.2)774 (8.1) 
  > 4071 (1.6)188 (2.0) 
Pre-hospital airway, count (%)73 (1.6)201 (2.1)0.051
Severe head injury, count (%)619 (13.8)1557 (16.4)<  0.001
GCS on arrival, median (IQR)15 (15–15)15 (14–15)<  0.001
GCS on arrival, categories<  0.001
 13–153964 (89.2)8209 (87.0) 
 9–12192 (4.3)437 (4.6) 
 3–8289 (6.5)790 (8.4) 
Shock on arrival, count (%)97 (2.2)207 (2.2)0.947
Admitted to ICU, count (%)687 (15.3)2099 (22.1)<  0.001
30-day mortality, count (%)148 (3.3)265 (2.8)0.097
1-year mortality, count (%)242 (5.4)465 (4.9)0.209
  1. Continuous parameters presented as median with interquartile range (IQR), categorical parameters as n (%). CCI Charlson Comorbidity Index, ISS Injury Severity Score, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale